Pet cares

Analysis of the news of July 08, 2022

New guidelines aim to promote judicious use of antibiotics in pets

The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) and the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) yesterday released new joint recommendations for the judicious use of antibiotics in cats and dogs.

The guidelines, developed by a task force of experts, urge companion animal veterinarians to commit to the fundamental principles of antimicrobial stewardship as defined by the American Veterinary Medical Association, to put the emphasis on preventative care and routine health monitoring, and working with pet owners to ensure that antibiotics are only used when needed. When the decision is made to use antibiotics, veterinarians should strive “to optimize therapeutic efficacy, minimize antimicrobial resistance and protect public and animal health”.

The guidelines also recommend that veterinarians teach pet owners good animal care practices and hygiene, use treatment alternatives when appropriate, consider “watchful waiting” to observe if a condition truly requires treatment. antibiotic therapy and use diagnostic tests to determine if an infection is bacterial and will be helped by antibiotics.

“This effort is critical to ensuring that we continue to have effective drugs for bacterial infections,” said Erin Frey, DVM, MPH, DACVPM, co-author and chair of the guidelines working group, in an AAHA press release. /AAFP. “Pathogenic bacteria will always find ways to resist antibiotics, but overusing antibiotics or using them when not needed accelerates this process, ultimately leaving us with bacteria unresponsive to treatment.”

July 7 AAHA/AAFP Antimicrobial Stewardship Guidelines
July 7 AAHA/AAFP press release

Ghana reports first case of Marburg virus

Ghana has reported its first-ever suspected cases of Marburg virus disease, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Africa. If confirmed, these will be the first two cases ever recorded in this country.

The two unrelated patients with suspected cases, from the southern Ashanti region, have died. They both showed symptoms of diarrhea, fever and vomiting.

Marburg virus is closely related to Ebola and is considered a highly contagious and fatal viral hemorrhagic fever.

“Health authorities are on the ground investigating the situation and preparing for a possible outbreak response. We are working closely with the country to expedite detection, trace contacts, be prepared to control the spread of the virus “said Francis Kasolo, MD. , WHO Representative in Ghana.

Last year, Guinea reported just one case. Previous outbreaks have been recorded in Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda.

According to the WHO, Marburg is transmitted by fruit bats to humans and is easily spread through bodily fluids.
July 7 WHO report

Chad, Niger and Yemen report cases of vaccine-derived polio

In its weekly update, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) reports 3 cases of vaccine-derived poliomyelitis (cVDPV2) in Chad, 1 case in Niger and 4 in Yemen.

The 3 cases in Chad bring the total in 2022 to 8 cases in this country. One case was recorded in Chari-Baguirmi, and 2[weredocumentedinN’Djamena[weredocumentedinN’Djamena[ontétédocumentésàN’Djamena[weredocumentedinN’Djamena

The single case in Maradi, Niger brings the 2022 total to 2. In 2021, the country recorded 18 cases.

In Yemen, the 4 cases bring that country’s total for the year to 49. “Almost two-thirds of areas reporting the bulk of cVDPV2 cases have not implemented any type 2 polio vaccination campaigns , which underscores the risk both to local children and to neighboring countries,” the GPEI said. “Intensive efforts are underway to access the northern governorates of Yemen with the polio vaccine.”
July 7 GPEI report